Both frequency and wavelength are commonly known terms used in physics to describe the speed of light or any other type of electromagnetic radiation. One easy equation to solve for either of these measurements is used: frequency x wavelength=speed of light. So, just by knowing either the frequency or the wavelength you are able to calculate the other figure. By knowing only the frequency you will get the average value. Whichever method you use, it is important to note that in general, the longer wavelength gets slower than the shorter one.
To show how this works, consider a snail. The size of a snail is the frequency it travels at. Now, a snail isn’t moving at all; rather it is bouncing up and down on its shell. The length of the shell determines the way the snail moves. If you take a ruler or a clock-head and measure how far the snail moves per second, then the frequency is directly related to the distance the snail moves per second. Therefore, the shorter the wavelength the faster the snail moves.
In the case of a microwave, frequencies are measured in hertz. A hertz is a standard unit of measurement for the distance the microwave radiation travels per second. This way of measuring frequency is what you commonly find in most books on microwaves. Of course, there is more to it then that.
When you look at how a radio wave travels, you will see that it travels in a straight line. The frequency is always going to be the same. However, the wavelengths that are involved in each particular frequency may differ. The reason for this is because light cannot pass through some of the microscopic cracks in the glass of a radio tube. Light can only pass through these types of cracks where the energy of the light can be transformed.
The reason microwave engineers were able to use these waves to make clocks is because they are able to take the energy of the microwave and change it into heat energy. Now instead of using the frequency to measure how fast a radio wave is traveling, you use the wavelength instead. When you use the microwave, it is possible to change the frequency of the waves that are traveling, and thus you are able to change the speed with which they travel.
Since the two different waves traveling in a circuit is always traveling in the same direction, the equation to calculate the frequency vs. wavelength is actually very simple. First, we have to get rid of the medium through which the waves are traveling. We can do this by heating the air. If you apply an electric field to the air and to the molecules in it, they vibrate and become waves, and the frequency of these waves is measured.
The air molecules become microwave particles as long as the electric field is maintained in the frequency that is being used. So the longer the frequency that is being used, the longer the microwaves that pass through the medium. When you use a wireless enabled device, you are transmitting a microwave through the device, and if there is a clear line between the transmitter and receiver, you are transmitting a light. In this case, the light is infrared, which is invisible to the human eye. This means that even though you are not looking at the device in question, you are still seeing something when you use the microwave.
When you compare the frequency vs. wavelength for radio waves and light waves, you will see that the results are very similar. So this means that when determining the distance of a signal, it is best to look at the length of the signal rather than the frequency. In order to find out the shortest distance between transmitter and receiver, you need to determine the wave length between these two objects, which is a constant factor. Thus, when you use the formula to calculate the frequency vs. wavelength, you will get the same answer for all objects. However, different objects will emit different frequency waves, thus affecting the calculations slightly.